弟子规英汉互解

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弟子规英汉互解

 弟 子 规
(STANDARDS FOR STUDENTS)
(清)李毓秀 撰
《弟子规》,清代康熙时山西绛州人李毓秀所作。李毓秀,字子潜,主要活动是教书。根据传统对童蒙的要求,也结合他自已的教书实践,写成了《弟子规》。
全书以《论语•学而》中的“弟子入则孝,出则弟,谨而信,泛爱众,而亲仁。行有余力,则以学文”开篇,对儿童言语行动提出要求,教以应该怎样待人处世,通常的核心思想是孝悌仁爱。
 
弟子规 圣人训 首孝悌 次谨信
These standards for students are guidelines,
handed down to us by Ancient Stages.
First, obey and care for your parents, and then
practice true brotherhood.
泛爱众 而亲仁 有余力 则学文
Learn to be careful and honest, and cherish all
living beings.
Draw near to good-hearted people, and study
whenever you can.
第一章 孝 (On Being Filial At Home)
父母呼 应勿缓 父母命 行勿懒
When mother and father are calling, answer them right away.
When they give you instructions, obey them without hesitation.
解:父母呼唤的时候,要立刻答应;父母要你做事的时候,要马上去做,不要偷懒。
父母教 须敬听 父母责 须顺承
When your parents need to instruct you, respectfully do as you’re told.
Whenever your parents must scold you, acknowledge your errors and faults.
解:父母教导的时候,要恭敬地听;父母责备的时候,要心悦诚服地接收。
冬则温 夏则凊 晨则省 昏则定
In the winter make sure they are warm, in the summer make sure they are cool.
Each morning cheerfully greet them, at night see their rest is secure.
解:照料父母要冬暖夏凉。早上要给父母请安,晚上要照料父母安眠。
出必告 返必面 居有常 业无变
Before going out , tell your parents. Let them know when you come in.
Settle peacefully in your home, and finish what you begin.
解:每次出去回来,都要禀告父母。居住应有定所,选定了职业,立定的志向要努力去完成,不可见异思迁。
事虽小 勿擅为 苟擅为 子道亏
No matter how small the affair , don’t just do as you please.
If you act just as you please, then you’ve not been a dutiful child.
解:不要因为是小事就不禀告父母而自作主张去做,那就不合为人子女的道理了。
物虽小 勿私藏 苟私藏 亲心伤

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